Chapter 6 – Fundamental News 101 (Part II)


Let’s talk about news releases that are related to the infrastructure of the entire economy. These news releases, at the time of writing this e-book (Aug. 2008), are not “hot”. They are pretty much ignored, but as I pointed out before, fundamental news releases are cyclical. They will be back soon enough and it is best that we get some idea on what they are:

Current Account – is the sum of the balance of trade (exports minus imports of goods and services), net factor incomes (such as interest and dividends) and net transfer payments (such as foreign aid). The current account balance is one of two major metrics of the nature of a country’s foreign trade (the other being the net capital outflow). A current account surplus increases a country’s net foreign assets by the corresponding amount, and a current account deficit does the reverse. Both government and private payments are included in the calculation. (wiki)

Trade Balance – is the difference between a country’s output and its domestic demand (the difference between what goods a country produces and how many goods it buys from abroad; this does not include money re-spent on foreign stocks, nor does it factor the concept of importing goods to produce for the domestic market).

Capital Flow (TIC Net Long-Term) – is the bookkeeping report of the capital flow in and out of the country, it tracks the investment in this country and out of this country. A continuous negative number means no one is investing in the country. The higher it stays, eventually will drive down the currency value.

Other news releases such as Consumer Sentiment, Consumer Confidence, Chicago PMI, and Empire State Business Index belong in a group of their own. Usually these news releases do not move the market much, unless the release number deviates from the forecast number by a huge difference… Then the rule of thumb is to always trade in the direction of the huge surprise.

One important type of news releases that I cannot over-stress its importance is the speeches of Central Bankers. Central Bankers are the most important people in the Forex Market. They have the ability to move the market hundreds of pips with their speeches, and when they speak, market listens. Most of the time market will overreact to the speeches, and if you can learn to decipher their speeches, you can be the first mover in the market… It is not easy to trade their speeches, but once you figure out what they are talking about, you’ll learn something that only 5% of retail Forex traders know, and you will have a great advantage.

Central Banker’s speeches have a set format, usually. They change a sentence of two from previous statements to reflect their current policy. If you just read the previous few statements, if would be very easy to notice the differences; and by comparing with past market reactions, you can decipher their speeches rather easily. All you need to do is spent a little time in research. As I said, fundamental news trading is not difficult.


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About Kelvin Ching

I'm a professional Forex trader and I have been trading for over 7 years. I was a series 3 broker and a registered CTA with the NFA, the main regulatory agency in the United States, and I have been involved at the highest levels in commodity trading. I also have a background in Information Technology, graphics design, and programming... I'm the co-founder of, a site dedicated to fundamental analysis and news trading.


  1. i discovered that the US and GBP NEWS is been control by alot of sentiment,apart from the news,pls why?and what is te best pair to trade.

  2. pls hw does the interest rate moves the market.and hw do we know these

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