China’s 2013 growth tops government’s official target
HONG KONG (CNNMoney) China’s economy grew at a faster pace last year than the government’s official target, even as Beijing sought to implement painful economic reforms.
Gross domestic product grew by 7.7% in 2013 over the previous year, according to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, a performance that matched the median estimate of a CNNMoney survey. Full-year expansion was supported by 7.7% growth in the final quarter of the year, beating the survey forecast of 7.6% by a whisker.
While last year’s growth topped the government’s official target of 7.5%, China’s economy is stagnating after recording revised 7.7% GDP growth in 2012 and 9.3% in 2011. Looking ahead for 2014, expansion is forecast to slow to 7.4%.
“The data reinforce our view that growth is on a downtrend and we continue to expect GDP growth to slow [in 2014],” Nomura economists wrote in a research note.
China’s benchmark index, the Shanghai Composite, slipped 0.7% in afternoon trading, while Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index dipped 0.8%.
The pace of China’s GDP growth is the most comprehensive gauge of the country’s economic health — an important number to monitor as the government works to bring about stability after decades of runaway expansion. As part of efforts to find more sustainable growth, the government introduced last year a wide range of reforms that tackle everything from fiscal policy to family planning standards.
Economists think the reforms are necessary for China, but putting the plan into action won’t be easy and gains may not be reflected in the economy for years.