(Reuters) – The U.S. Federal Reserve on Wednesday could offer fresh clues on when it plans to begin lifting interest rates and how quickly it will move, as it prepares for a momentous policy turn after years of aggressive monetary stimulus.
Although a tightening of monetary policy is not expected until mid-2015, the central bank could use a policy statement on Wednesday to lay important groundwork.
In particular, speculation is rife the policy-setting Federal Open Market Committee may change its guidance on how long it is likely to keep rates near zero. The panel may also alter its depiction of the labor market to suggest further progress toward its goal of full employment.
Both would signal that a six-year freeze on rates is thawing. Although the market is betting on a policy change, the Fed could also stick to its script.
Along with the policy statement it will issue at 2 p.m., the Fed will lay out new economic and interest rate projections that will extend out to 2017 for the first time. The rate projections – or “dots chart” – show where individual Fed officials think rates should be at the end of each year.
The statement will follow the release early on Wednesday of monthly U.S. consumer price data, which notched its first decline in nearly 1-1/2 years. The August consumer price data showed that underlying inflation pressures were muted, a trend that bolsters the Fed’s view toward keeping accommodative monetary policy in place.
But some economists think a spate of mostly good news on the economy could spur officials to hint at a more aggressive rate-hike path, which would widen the distance between their views and those held in the bond market.
“The committee’s median projection for interest rates at the end of 2015 and 2016 could be pushed up a bit as they were in June, providing a hawkish signal to markets,” economists at IHS Global Insight said in a note earlier this month, adding that the unnamed dots should be viewed with caution.
It will be up to Yellen, who holds a news conference a half hour after the statement and projections are released, to clarify the Fed’s policy intentions.